WELCOME TO ECUADOR
Ecuador has the biggest biodiversity per area in the world! In a study by Conservation International, Ecuador ranked among the 17 “mega diverse” countries, alongside the United States, China, Australia, Brazil and Mexico. With 9.2 species per km2, it occupies the first place in the world with regards to species per area.
The richness of Ecuador lies in its DIVERSITY, both natural and cultural. Ecuador has 4 diverse and unique regions: The Amazon Rain forest
, the highland Andes
and the Galapagos Archipelago.
These four regions are subdivided into provinces. Besides its exuberant biodiversity, Ecuador is home to an impressive variety of ethnic groups, including communities who still practice ancient cultural traditions
Is one of the smallest countries in America. It lies on both the Northern and the Southern Hemispheres and is divided by the Equador, thus the name of the country, it borders Colombia (north), Peru (South and East), and the Pacific Ocean (west)
AREA: About 270.670 km2 or 168.186 square miles.
DISTANCE FROM NORTH TO SOUTH: 1.081 km or 672 miles
POPULACION: approximately 13 millon.
LANGUAGE: The first language is Spanish, however, most of the indigenous population speaks Quichua. There are 18 different languages among native communities.
WHAT TO WEAR: In Quito and the highlands the weather is very unpredictable. A common saying is that you can live the four seasons in one day: from intense sun to hail. One needs to look out the window before deciding what to wear each day. During June, July and August the weather is more sunny but windy. During the rest of the year you would need warmer clothing like those you would wear during the fall. A raincoat or jacket would be useful all year long, since at night it gets pretty chilly.